Egg Tempera is prepared by mixing dry pigment, water and egg yolk into a creamy consistency. It is thinned with water and applied to prepared hardwood panels in thin translucent layers allowing the brushstrokes to dry in seconds. Very versatile in its application and much like drawing with a brush, it can also be applied in a variety of methods. Hundreds of thin layers will form the final surface of the painting. The many interacting translucent layers create a luminosity and rich depth of color.
Egg Tempera is recognized as the second oldest medium after encaustic. Some of the Fayum Mummy paintings show use of egg tempera in its earliest form using a limited palette of black, brown and red. Egg Tempera reached its height of popularity in the early Renaissance with artists such as Fra Angelico (Annunciation) and Boticelli (The Birth of Venus). It remained the primary mode of painting until an egg/oil mix replaced it in the early 1500's. The popularity of Egg Tempera has ebbed and flowed, but the Society of Egg Tempera Painters and a number of master contemporary painters have influenced and inspired a resurgence of this great old medium.
Dry Needle felted shapes are made by arranging layers of wool roving on a foam work surface and poking the fibers continuously with a special barbed needle. The sewing machine-like movement tangles and fuses the layers of wool fiber. Fiber can be added or subtracted throughout the process until the creation is complete.
Wet felted pieces are made by using agitation and moisture, actually tangling the natural fiber's microscopic scales, fusing them together, and ultimately shrinking the structure. The work surface is bubble wrap layered with polyester screening. Layers of thin wispy roving is systematically layered onto the screen until the desired composition and thickness is achieved. It is then sprayed with soap and water, sandwiched in between the screening and bubble wrap, and rolled over a pool noodle (yes, swimming gear!). It is secured at each end and rolled continuously until the fibers have felted together. Two and three-dimensional felted pieces can be made by using a number of felting techniques that help create shape and form.
Felting is a 6500-year-old non-woven fabric first noted in Turkish wall hangings. Today we work with natural and dyed roving from different wool producing animals.
Sandy’s graduate study and school affiliations have given her the opportunity to travel to five continents. Much of her photography is inspired by her travel experience and the imagery collected along the way. Her medium is digital photography and the majority of her images are printed without the use of any photo manipulation. What she sees is what you get.